Italy as a strategic hub
Its strategic position could make Italy the Mediterranean energy hub
Italy relies heavily on imported gas, as over 90% of the requirement is covered by supplies coming from Russia, Algeria and Libya. The flows transmitted by these countries accounted for over 70% of the natural gas reaching Italy from overseas in 2016.
Gas is an indispensable energy source for Italy: natural gas represents 36% of the energy needs. Natural gas is thus the second primary energy source after oil and, in view of the sustainability and energy efficiency objectives of Italy, this leading position is likely to be maintained and further strengthened.
It is therefore fundamentally important to develop new energy corridors and infrastructure projects that connect every area of Europe with Northern Africa, the Middle East and the Caspian Sea area. Thanks to its strategic position and its advanced infrastructures’ network, Italy can play a main role: it is no coincidence that Italy is included in 3 of the 4 priority energy corridors that comprise the Projects of Common Interest (PCI) established by the European Commission.
Community executive pointed out Italy’s good performance in terms of energy security, efficiency, research, innovation and decarbonisation.
Although the high dependency on imports, in terms of security, Italy has the highest European degree of diversification of routes and sources of supply.
Italy’s key role in the European Union’s energy of the future was further demonstrated on 2013 by the Commission’s presentation of the list of the 248 PCIs in the gas, electricity and oil sectors, which include two Italian projects centred on gas. These projects are called «Support for the North-western market and bidirectional flows across the borders» and «Upgrade for new imports from the South». It is clear that both projects are functional to the development of Italy as an energy hub. Our country could already rely on an high diversification of supply sources, that could be further increased thanks to TAP pipeline.
Italian heart, European leader
With about 3,000 people, Snam is active in transport, storage and regasification and is one of the major gas infrastructure companies in Europe. In addition to its capillary network, covering the entire peninsula and Sicily, it has the largest storage capacity in the continent.
In Italy, Snam manages an over 32.500 kilometers-long gas transmission network, 9 storage sites and 1 regasification terminal. Over the years it has expanded its strategic presence in Europe and is present today, through subsidiaries, in Austria (TAG and GCA), France (Teréga), United Kingdom (Interconnector UK) and as a shareholder of the TAP project.
In Europe, Snam manages, directly or indirectly through its subsidiaries, over 40.000 km of transportation network and a storage capacity of 19 billion cubic meters.
Transport (lenght - km)
Storage (billion cubic meters)
03 July 2018 - 11:42 CEST