Smart use of renewable gas to meet climate targets can save Europe €140 billion per year
- Study published today by the Gas for Climate initiative sets out plan to meet Paris Agreement target in a cost-effective way
- Study sets out a vision for net zero greenhouse gas emissions in the EU by 2050
- Renewable gas used in existing infrastructure can be combined with renewable electricity to limit the cost of the energy transition
Renewable gas used in existing gas infrastructure could play an important role in reducing Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero by mid-century, according to a study published today by the Gas for Climate initiative. Such a reduction is needed to comply with the Paris Agreement to keep global warming well below 2°C, avoiding dangerous levels of climate change.
Initiated mid-2017, the Gas for Climate group consists of seven leading European gas transport companies (Enagás, Fluxys Belgium, Gasunie, GRTgaz, Open Grid Europe, Snam and TIGF) and two renewable gas industry associations (European Biogas Association and Consorzio Italiano Biogas). Gas for Climate is committed to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions in the EU by 2050 and the group commissioned Ecofys, a Navigant company, to prepare a study into the future role of gas in a net-zero emissions energy system.
Their study shows that it is possible to scale up renewable gas production between now and 2050 to more than 120 billion cubic metres annually, including both renewable hydrogen and biomethane. The biomethane potential is based on an early and conservative scenario on the sustainable use of European biomass potential. Using this renewable gas in existing gas infrastructure for the heating of buildings, to produce dispatchable electricity as a complement to wind and solar, and to fuel heavy transport, could save about €140 billion annually by 2050 compared to a future energy system without any gas.
The CEOs of the nine Gas for Climate members (Marco Alverà, Snam, Marcelino Oreja Arburúa,
Enagás, Dr. Jörg Bergmann, Open Grid Europe, Pascal De Buck, Fluxys Belgium, Han Fennema, Gasunie,
Piero Gattoni, Consorzio Italiano Biogas, Dominique Mockly, TIGF, Jan Štambaský, European Biogas
Association, Thierry Trouvé, GRTgaz) jointly declared:
“We are committed to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions in the EU by 2050 to meet the Paris Agreement target. Renewable gas used in existing gas infrastructure can play an important role in this.
“We want to facilitate a large scale-up of EU produced renewable hydrogen and biomethane that is transported, stored and distributed through existing gas infrastructure to be used in our energy system in a smart combination with renewable electricity. This will help Europe to meet the Paris Agreement target at the lowest possible costs while enhancing Europe’s energy security.”
Notes for Editors
Gas for Climate was initiated in 2017 to analyse and create awareness about the role of renewable and low carbon gas in the future energy system in full compliance with the Paris Agreement target to limit global temperature increase to well below 2 degrees Celsius. To this end, the entire economy has to become (net) zero carbon by mid-century.
Ecofys has analysed that if a quarter of current gas demand is produced from sustainable renewable sources by 2050, this can achieve €138 billion of cost savings each year by 2050 across the EU compared to a ‘no gas’ scenario. These savings mainly result from avoiding electricity peak demand, associated generation capacity and the cost of building and running this capacity. There are also substantial savings on insulation costs for buildings to accommodate full-electric heat pumps, which require the highest possible levels of insulation.
Renewable gas is all gas produced from renewable sources. This includes biomethane in the form of upgraded biogas produced by anaerobic digestion of agricultural biomass and other organic wastes, biomethane produced from thermal gasification of woody residues, hydrogen produced from renewable electricity, and synthetic methane produced from renewable hydrogen.
The Gas for Climate consortium thinks that by 2050 any natural gas being used in the EU energy system in addition to renewable gas should be low carbon gas. Low carbon gas is natural gas that is used without releasing greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere. This is possible by combining the combustion of natural gas with carbon capture and storage (CCS) or carbon capture and utilisation (CCU). CCS can be applied in regions where it is technically feasible and politically and socially accepted. CCU can avoid emission if CO2 is permanently stored in products.
The study can be accessed at this link.
10 August 2018 - 11:56 CEST