Biomethane, a renewable and programmable source of energy, can answer to emission reduction goals by exploiting existing gas networks and contributing to increasing domestic methane production.

Biomethane is a renewable energy source derived from agricultural biomass (dedicated crops, by-products and agricultural waste and animal waste), agro-industrial (waste from the food processing chain) and the Organic Fraction Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW). Biomethane is obtained in two phases: raw biogas production - predominantly through anaerobic digestion of biomass - and subsequent removal of non-compatible components (CO2), a process also known as "upgrading".

Biomethane can answer to emission reduction goals by exploiting existing gas networks and contributing to increasing domestic methane production. This perspective would also have a positive impact on the agri-food sector by promoting an economic model based on sustainability and resource-friendliness.

  • Animal manure
  • Crops
  • Agricoltural byproducts
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  • feeding
  • biogas production
  • energy genereted by biogas

The contribution of biomethane to the decarbonisation objectives is not limited to the energy consumption phase only. Its production process can help to significantly reduce emissions in the farming sector (14% of climate changing gases) and restore organic matter to the soil. In fact, the digested material (what remains after the anaerobic digestion of the agricultural matrices) is an excellent natural fertilizer. Farms could therefore substantially reduce their production costs and increase their competitiveness. In addition, biomethane produced with sustainability criteria can increase the ability to absorb and preserve soil carbon.



It is

  • Renewable: it is generated from agricultural biomass
  • Sustainable: CO2 neutral and could significantly reduce agricultural sector emissions (7% GHG emissions in Italy)

Its use is:

  • flexible: suitable for all energetic needs (also as a fuel for transportation)
  • programmable: assimilable to natural gas, it may use already in place transportation and storage facilities
  • efficient: suitable in the distribution


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As an energy source it may supply up to 15% of 2030 gas demand and support the production of gas on national territory

Methods of incentivation of the biomethane introduced into the natural gas network have been foreseen for the first time with the Directive 2009/28 / EC and implemented in accordance with Article 21 of Legislative Decree 3 March 2011, n.28. In implementation of this decree, the Ministry of Economic Development together with the Minister of Environment and Protection of the Sea and with the Minister of Agricultural and Forestry Policies has adopted specific modalities for the incentive of biomethane in 2013 (Ministerial Decree 5 December 2013).

Following the entry into force of this decree, considering it opportune to further promote the use of biomethane both as fuel for transport and as an important element for the security of gas supplies and favoring in particular that produced by advanced matrices, the Ministry of Economic Development has deemed it useful to issue a new decree, DM March 2, 2018, for the promotion of biomethane (also advanced) in order to incentivize the intake of biomethane in the natural gas network and destined for transport use also through the reconversion of existing biogas and its use for the production of biofuels released for consumption in the transport sector.


Ministerial Decree 2 March 2018

The Ministerial Decree 2 March 2018 also confirmed the role of the GSE for the application of the decree and in particular in relation to the procedures for the issue of the qualification and for the determination and recognition of incentives for biomethane producers


GSE "Gestore Servizi Energetici"

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23 September 2020 - 17:32 CEST