The context

The context

The world of energy is facing momentous challenges.

The energy world is facing two momentous challenges, destined to profoundly affect the planet and its inhabitants. The first, of a global nature, concerns the climate, which is increasingly central to global policies, requiring solutions that involve multiple economic and institutional players worldwide. The second, which affects people 's quality of life in a different but equally important way, is instead a local problem, to be solved with specific measures: pollution. These two emergencies are central to the energy transition, the process that will accompany the world towards an increasing use of renewable sources and more generally towards a more sustainable economic model.

The efforts of economies around the world must therefore be directed, on the one hand, to the adoption of an energy mix capable of immediately and efficiently reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases and in particular of carbon dioxide (CO2), which causes global warming, and on the other to break down pollutants such as particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), which compromise air quality especially in urban centers, causing diseases and damage to public health.

The goal of containing global warming well below 2 ° C requires the energy system to undertake an effective and sustainable path of deep decarbonisation in all sectors, while ensuring safe energy at the lowest cost for the consumer.

In this context, the national energy system cannot ignore the role that gas and related infrastructures play in achieving the targets for reducing emissions, promoting renewable energy sources and energy efficiency. In the energy transition, gas is able, on the one hand, to provide flexible, secure and diverse energy supply sources and on the other to support a process towards a low carbon economy at the lowest overall cost for the system, thanks also to the availability of an existing widespread infrastructure network, such as the Italian one. At the same time, it also promotes the decarbonisation of the same gas carrier through the development of renewable gases such as biomethane, hydrogen and synthetic gas.

The fundamental role of gas is evident not only by the latest demand trends in Italy, which position it in first place among the energy sources of the country with 35% of primary energy consumption; but also by the energy development scenarios that Snam and Terna have jointly processed in which substantial gas consumption is expected in 2030 and 2040.

Snam is at the forefront of these challenges by leveraging sustainable, safe and technologically advanced infrastructures, capable of transporting and storing natural gas, as well as increasing shares of renewable gases such as biomethane and hydrogen, and increasing investments in new activities such as sustainable mobility and energy efficiency.

Snam Talks

The energy transition and sustainable development are at the center of the video series "Snam Talks": stories of women and men who come from different histories, cultures and professions, united by the attention to social responsibility. Projects and ideas for a more sustainable future.



Scenario analysis

In the Scenario Description Document (DDS 2019) Snam and Terna have provided a consistent vision of foreseeable developments of the Italian energy system to 2030 and to 2040.

Read the report

For further information take a look at our reports

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05 October 2020 - 18:52 CEST